Mental Model Posts ‘Metcalfe’s Law’

The Story of Microsoft and the Three Men Who Made It

microsoft

Photo by Amit Chattopadhyay

The story of Microsoft, considering its creation spawned 3 of the 60 richest men in the world today, is an important one to understand.  Bill Gates, Paul Allen, and Steve Ballmer have amassed incredible amounts of wealth from Microsoft.  This is the story of how.  Read More »

Is There an Ideal Team Size?

Teamwork

Photo by Stuck in Customs

People are always looking for ways to get things done better or faster.  Depending on the task, that can often mean putting together teams.  Of course, a team isn’t always the best way to accomplish something.  I mean, there’s obviously no need to create a team to do something an individual could do as well or better.  However, if a team makes sense, what is the ideal team size?

Unfortunately, there’s no consensus on what the ideal team size should be.  This is probably because there just simply isn’t one.  And that, of course, is fine.  But everyone seems to have an opinion on what’s best.

Steve Jobs liked to keep his teams to no more than 100 people so that he could remember names; Peter Drucker said teams work best, as a rule, if they have three or four members (and should normally not exceed five or six); Google likes to limit teams to a max of six people; 37Signals thinks three people is the optimal team size for a product release; Reid Hoffman (of LinkedIn) would likely refer to Dunbar’s Number to substantiate groups of up to 150.  And the list could go on…  Does this mean that teams are effective at any size between three and 150 members?  It’s more likely that this simply means teambuilding is a situational exercise, and nothing more.  Read More »

How to Increase Employee Productivity: The Science of Making Work Happen

BoredEmployee Pic

Photo by 9likenave.com

Most businesses I talk to would like to figure out healthy ways to grow.  And in almost all of those businesses, that requires people (or employees).  It may simply require greater capabilities amongst current employees, or it may require adding more employees.  In either situation, it makes sense to design the organization so that each person within it can reach peak performance.  And eliciting peak performance from employees is the result of two things: training and motivation.  As Andy Grove says, “A manager generally has two ways to raise the level of individual performance of his subordinates: by increasing motivation, the desire of each person to do his job well, and by increasing individual capability, which is where training comes in.”  Read More »